- Also Known As:
- Date of Birth:
- January 1, 1900
- Dorchester County
Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross circa 1822 in Dorchester County, Maryland) was an abolitionist who led innumerable slaves to freedom in the North prior and during the Civil War. A slave herself, Harriet was grossly mistreated. As a child, she was struck in the head by a slaveowner, and the resulting injury ed to having epilepsy for the rest of her life. In 1844, she married a free man named John Tubman, but their marriage was complicated due to the fact that she was still enslaved. In 1849, Harriet and her two brothers, Ben and Henry, escaped from slavery. Though her brothers went back, she carried on and traveled through the underground railroad, hiding from captors, and then becoming the remarkable savior of slaves throughout her journey. She was nicknamed “Moses” after word spread about how many people she had helped lead away from slavery along the Underground Railroad. In 1958, she helped abolitionist John Brown plan and execute the infamous raid on Harper’s Ferry. In 1860, she carried out her last rescue mission: saving her niece and nephew who had been orphaned while enslaved. During the Civil War, she became the first woman to ever lead an armed assault, in 1863. Later in life, she joined the Suffragette movement
Best Known For:
Harriet Tubman is best known as an abolitionist in the 1800s who led slaves to freedom.
Harriet was married to John Tubman from 1844–1851, and Nelson Davis from 1869–1888, when he died. She had one child, a daughter she adopted named Gertie. Harriet died on March 10, 1913 at the age of 91 in Auburn, New York, after suffering from pneumonia.