May 6 marks the day Sigmund Freud would’ve turned 160 years old, so it’s only appropriate that Google would celebrate his birthday by making him the Doodle of the day! If you’re unfamiliar with this revolutionary Austrian doctor, get to know him right here.
Sigmund Freud changed the world of psychology as we know it, and in honor of what would have been his 160th birthday, Google has made him the face of their homepage for the day. Learn everything you need to about Sigmund with five fast facts here!
1. He is considered the father of psychoanalysis
Freud’s most well-known work was in treating mental and emotional disorders through the use of psychoanalysis, which involves the patient talking about their dreams, feelings, memories and more out loud and freely. His general idea was that one’s development is determined by events stores in the back of the mind that may have been forgotten until they are spoken aloud. In creating psychoanalysis, he came up with many therapeutic techniques to explain the unconscious mind.
2. He escaped from Nazis in Germany
Many of Freud’s books were burned by Nazis when they took control of Germany in 1933. Despite originally planning to stay in Austria, Freud and his family eventually began leaving for London little by little, but Freud’s departure took much longer than expected when his bank accounts were seized. With help from Princess Marie Bonaparte, he was eventually able to escape, but much of his research had been ruined.
3. He had a big family
Freud married Martha Bernays in 1886, and together they had six kids.
4. He was a user and proponent of cocaine
Freud believed that cocaine could cure mental and physical problems and recommended it to patients throughout his career as a medical researcher. However, when his friend developed “cocaine psychosis” from using the drug, he stopped recommending it publicly, although he did continue to use it himself.
5. He chose to terminate his life after a tough cancer battle
After years of smoking tobacco, Freud developed cancer of the mouth in 1923 and nearly died from a surgery that was done on him. The disease depressed him, and by 1939, the pain from the cancer was so severe and also inoperable. He asked his doctor to help terminate his life, and when his daughter was convinced by the specialist that it was pointless to keep Freud alive in so much pain, the doctor administered a deadly amount of morphine. He died on Sept. 23, 1939 at 83 years old.
What were you most surprised to learn about Sigmund Freud, HollywoodLifers?